中文/EN

No.5 - China's Diplomatic Efforts to Promote Energy and Resources Cooperation Along the "One Belt and One Road"

| 作者: Shi Ze & Yang Chenxi | 时间: 2015-05-22 | 责编:
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  Abstract:
   
  In 2013, Chinese President Xi Jinping made two important proposals, i.e. to jointly construct the Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road, which are known as “One Belt and One Road” (OBOR). In view of the economic and social development needs of China and its western and southern neighboring countries as well as their complementary advantages in economic development, energy and resources cooperation should be given priority in implementing the OBOR initiative. To promote energy and resources cooperation under the framework of OBOR, China need seek support from key countries, coordinate with countries in the region as well as international mechanisms, and actively build a favorable international environment.
  First, China should plan and manage major-country relationship relating to energy cooperation within the framework of OBOR, which include deepening China-Russia energy strategic partnership, promoting China-U.S. cooperation on large projects and effective communication on hot issues, and expanding China-India common interests on energy security and development.
  Second, China should coordinate its relations with countries and international mechanisms in the region. In Central Asia, China should consolidate its energy cooperation with Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan through coordination over pipelines, trade and distribution of water resource. It should also maintain practical political and economic relations with the newly launched Eurasian Economic Union. In South Asia, China should give full play to China-Pakistan Joint Energy Working Group, steadily push forward the construction of pipelines connecting the two countries and strive for substantial success in their cooperation on power generation from new energy sources. In Southeast Asia, China should increase trade and investment scale of energy and resources with ASEAN countries and carry out joint maritime security operations with the latter. In the Middle East, China should strive to acquire high-quality oil and gas assets, expand cooperation on natural gas, and actively maintain regional stability. China should also push forward negotiations with the Gulf Cooperation Council on FTA and conduct cooperation with its member states on new energy and infrastructure construction.
  Third, China should endeavor to build a favorable international environment for energy and resources cooperation among countries along the OBOR. To achieve the goal, China need actively address regional issues and work out fairly flexible regional laws on energy and resources trade and investment, promote the formulation of laws on the security of cross-border oil and gas pipelines, and actively participate in regional and global energy governance. It is also necessary for China to integrate its official diplomacy, track II diplomacy and public diplomacy in publicizing its policies so as to foster favorable international public opinions for energy and resources cooperation within the framework of OBOR. 
   
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